One of biggest challenges to teachers is the freedom of speech. A teacher may be restricted if he/she breaches a work related ethic in his statement. He may also be restricted if the statements are personal attacks. If a teacher makes unprofessional, sarcastic or insulting comment he may be punished.
A teacher who makes a statement based on a private disagreement may be punished. Teachers have rights to campaign, circulate petitions and do other political activities. What they are prohibited to do is to coach their student during their teachings or make inappropriate and destructive political comments. What this means is that while elections could be a good topic to discuss in class, the discussion must be balanced.
The choice to teach particular material is made by the teacher so long as the material would not interfere with the schools discipline. But they do not have control aver the same materials as they belong to the school (Klein, 2004).
Students rights limitations
A student speech may be regulated only if it is disruptive of the mission of the schools education or if it violates the rights other students. That ruling was made in 1969. In 1988 the court ruled that administrators could censor student speeches in yearbooks, newspapers and other school publications even if they are not indecent or disruptive.
School administrators may prohibit circulation of obscene publications or materials within the school. Officials may also prohibit sexist or racist language if it can cause injury or make the insulted person to fight. Advertisement of alcohol, cigarettes and some other substances which may be sold to minors may be also prohibited.
Schools might not prohibit student from choosing s topic from any religion but may punish students who choose topics whether religious or not, that are not related to the topic. Schools may ban wearing of t-shirts bearing sexually suggestive messages. Administrators can censor speeches during the assembly which can be threatening (karran, et al 2009).