Rehabilitation is a process which entails correctional programs that are aimed at restoring unsocietal behaviour which may lead to troubled futures to acceptable behaviour. Juvenile rehabilitation is specifically intended for minors who commit crimes and those who display behaviours that may lead to troubled futures. It may include after-school programs, confinement in detention facilities and use of boot camps. Drug abuse, truancy and assault are some of the main reasons that may call for juvenile rehabilitation.
The whole process of juvenile rehabilitation is aimed at correcting minors and not punishing them. The methods formulated for juvenile rehabilitation are meant to prevent potential misbehavior and to provide guidance rather than serving as outright punishment. In most cases, mental and substance rehabilitation involves the incarceration of people in rehabilitation facilities. Nevertheless, methods of juvenile rehabilitation vary significantly depending on factors such gravity of the crime. For violence behaviour, these methods may include youth imprisonment, use of boot camps and after-school programs. Non-violent behaviours are mostly handled through housing the youths in group homes.
In my view, the case of Tony requires a mild form of therapy, preferably being housed in a group home. Group homes allow for elevated staff-to-child ratio. This serves as an advantage in the sense that it leads to high attention being given to each child, it accommodates a varying range of programs and offers significant management integrity and longer dosages. In addition, group homes offer an opportunity to get support from family and friends, thus enabling the delinquent to feel adequately cared for.
In my view, Tony’s family should be part of his rehabilitation program as they played an integral role in the development of his current behavior of drinking and smoking marijuana. In order to bring about a total make over, both the source and the influencing factors should be tackled head on, that is, both Tony’s and his parents’ drug abusing behaviours. Furthermore, a concurrent rehabilitation program for Tony’s parents would give them a chance to bring up Tony in an essential environment. The bond between Tony’s parents and himself would further enhance as the rehabilitation program would give them a new lease to start over again. In addition, Tony’s parents will be there to provide emotional and financial support when required. A change in the behaviour of Tony’s parents would play a major role in improving the lifestyle of Tony from his drug abusing behavior since parents play a very crucial role of being role models to their children (Schunk, 2004).
In my opinion, Tony’s rehabilitation program should not be carried out away from their home since this would mean that he gets limited parental care and emotional support from his parents. The daily absence of Tony’s parents would deteriorate the family bond that they have. Furthermore, Tony might feel neglected as he might find it hard to confide his emotions, confusions and rage to any another person. His financial needs and his lifestyle would also be affected. As such, living with his parents would enhance his rehabilitation since he would be around a people that he loves.
Forcing Tony to live out of their home might make him feel that he is unwanted by the very people who he has been living with his entire life. Such a scenario might affect Tony both emotionally and psychologically. In addition, separating Tony from his parents and his peers may turn him into an introvert. As such, the separation will not help him to realize how his current drinking and smoking habits affect the people around him and the larger society.
Founded in the year 1986 by Lois Trimpey and Jack, Rational Recovery Program is an abstinence-based approach to resurgence which is self-proclaimed as “antithesis and irreconcilable arch-rival of Alcoholics Anonymous”. At the center of this program is the Addictive Voice Recognition Technique (AVTR) which entails a preparation exercise in will power. The main focus of the program is on utilization of will power so as to recover from misbehavior through abstinence. It is a full therapy for addiction, giving full improvement within a short time. Furthermore, it is a permanent and secure abstinence process. This program is quick, easy and simple and supports personal dedication to enduring self-restraint from drug abuse.
On the other hand, social learning theory models attitudes, behaviours and arousing reactions of other people through observation. People tend to adopt ideas and behaviours of the people around them and from the environment in which they live. By emulating such behaviors, an individual tends to attain the repercussions which arise from the same behaviors. The acquired behavior not only influences the person’s character, but also the environment around the person. The whole process is achieved when an individual solely decides to adopt such behaviour either from persons or from the environment around him and remembers it vividly in order to replicate it. The individual is provoked to reveal the behaviour that he observed and learned. Continuous exposure to such behaviour leads to the development of a new behaviour and enhances the occurrence of same behaviour. The person adopting the observed behaviour expresses the behaviour successfully as he has self-assurance in attaining that knowledge.
As stated above, Tony requires a mild form of therapy, preferably being housed in a group home. In view of the aforementioned, his rehabilitation would be achieved mainly through social learning. The techniques used in group homes mainly relate to the people and their environment. In this case, Tony will learn from the behaviour of his peers and his parents. Through interaction, he will learn how his behaviour affects himself and the society. This would trigger self examination and provoke the revelation of newly observed and learned behaviours. Self recognition would enable him to achieve self-enduring abstinence.
In conclusion, Tony’s rehabilitation by use of group homes would provide him with essential skills that will enable him to achieve recovery over a short period of time. Furthermore, this program is cost effective, easy and manageable. In addition, this program would also help his parents to recover and be role models to him.