Almost after three billion years of evolution on earth, and after about two million years from the time people identified as human first existed on the earth’s surface, there came another human burst which seemingly was not announced. This is the existing human society in modern days. From time in memorial, the ancestors of the modern human society existed among other species of humans. However, there is only us currently; the people in the modern society. Human beings in the contemporary society possess something that has given them unique power over all that is in the surrounding environment. This thing is the Human Spark (Hirst, par.4-6).
Despite the many apparent differences in human societies, they both have similar elements as seen through The Human Spark. People are all over and regardless of the place they live, the structure of all human societies is the same. These ways are the basic elements of politics, economy, social-cultural matters, religion and artistic values. These elements present us with a definite structure through which the human society can be studied in the program of humanities (Alda, part 1).
Dynamics of chimpanzee society
Alda (part 2) regards chimpanzees as human’s very closest existing relatives. Chimps are found to share some qualities with human beings. However, their evolvement cannot be compared to human beings after human beings went their way. Chimps have a lot of skills although they lack concern as to why things work out in a different way unlike what humans would do. Chimps make use of tools together with a culture although in a different approach as compared to the human beings. Chimps exhibit cooperation and empathy although they are limited as compared to the same qualities with humans. Considering such kind of similarities, it would be correct that there is a relationship between chimps and humans. A relationship in anthropological terms would mean a close connection between species on matters of culture, society, values and general way of doing things (Chedd-Angier-Lewis, par.1-9).
As seen in the Human Spark, Alda (Part 3) provides experimental examples of an innate human tendency to cooperate. The actor provides a number of high-tech techniques of imaging through which his Human Spark can be seen. There is the unique circuitry that offers humans with the most prized power of language and the understanding offered by a family with members having intense speech problems. Humans unravel the complicated FOXP2 gene story which seems to have given them at least a part of the mechanisms of the brain required for language.
The learning and teaching behavior of humans are superior to the primates’. The extent of our ability to cooperate constitutes a “human spark” which distinguishes us from animals. Alda’s brain permits him to utilize complex techniques and comprehend other human minds which are important attributes of humans. Alda takes part in babies’ tests of even to about three months to establish their power to develop moral judgments. There is thus a critical network in Alda’s brain that performs well while idle and which could really be an important depository of the Human Spark. The humans have more concern as to how things work unlike with animals. There is a high-tech language compared to the animals which brings out all the difference. Humans can do it on their own unlike animals which will advance under guidance as seen in the Germany “dog lab” which Alda visits where dogs have advanced than chimps.