Crime is any activity done by an individual and whose consequences meet the disapproval of the majority in the society. In the recent years, crime has developed into a key subject of public concern, of political action and discussion. In spite of its salience in the public dome, little is identified about the factors motivating the crime tendencies and also the knowledge pedestal is too narrow to hold up intelligent focuses of the direction wherein crime rates are stirring especially when varying direction.
The background knowledge of the crime trends is a significant factor in enhancing salience and also avoidance of misuse of public resources in the fight against crime, (Walsh, 2011). Strategies that enhance fight against crime have to be planned for to fight the rise in the crime trends because some of the crimes require elaborate planning which might proof to be powerful than the available detectives; such plans includes developing interventions outside criminal justice systems, building prisons and training and recruiting police forces.
Various factors have accelerated the rise in crime rates over the recent years and some have been very influential in particular; different crimes are caused by different factors and many of these factors would be hard to identify in advance to merit their serving as primary indicators to signify future trends. These factors include; weather, demographic factors, social class and economy all seem to have a role to play and identifying the factors that lead to the crime rate is the sure way to reduce the high rate of crime in our societies.
Areas which are densely populated are known to have high rates of crime which tend to be residential in nature and ranges from, domestic assaults, car theft, larceny and hijacking. Most of these crimes occur in areas where the majority of the population depends on hand to mouth income. In contrast, places occupied by majority of the high social class registers low crime rates as they use resources regardless of availability and the relative rank the individuals hold, with duties, lifestyle and attendant rights in a social ladder based upon prestige or honor.
Effects of crime rates are evident in a poor economy where the rates of unemployment are high as well as falling wages among the low educated men. Crime increases with falling wages and this is because there is greater payoff for criminal activities.
It is believed that warm weather tends to intensify the event of violent crimes. Research has proven that hot dry weather is a noteworthy factor in envisaging crime as population density and economic factors. Robbery, murder and rape are more likely to arise on warm days than on cold and rainy days (Walsh, 2011).
High commercial populated areas generally have more crime and the offences in these areas tend to be more business related; these include, larceny, shop lifting, forgery and commercial burglaries. More over, more crimes are committed against people such as theft of personal objects, cars, bikes and muggings.
The relationship between economic status or social class and crime has been a central hub of criminology since its inception. A higher rate of criminal acts is concentrated in deteriorating and deprived neighborhoods of large towns and the studies of punitive populations reveals that levels of occupational and educational attainment are generally lower compared to the general population.
Therefore strategies need to be put in place to alleviate the high rate of crime which seems to be increasing especially with the technological advancement. This will ensure peaceful environments where people will live without fear.