The main function of a Halfway house is to integrate again those in recovery back to the society. Residents living in Halfway houses are mainly those with mental health problems, those recently out of prison and drug addicts. These residents are put in a home so that they can begin a process of reintegrating with the society. Those in drug rehabilitation are also found in halfway houses. Rehabilitation is medical treatment to those who have used drugs in excess. The drugs include; Heroine, Cocaine, Cannabis, Crack and alcohol. Rehabilitation aims at making the patient cease using excess drugs and alcohol. When a patient ceases using the drugs, physical consequences such as social, financial, legal and psychological can be avoided. The program that goes on in Halfway houses aims at making the patients forget their past lifestyles and adopt a new way of livelihood (Gullick, 2001). Those with chronic health problems are made to move away from systems of sanitariums by staff support.
Some halfway houses exist singly for those recovering from alcohol abuse. These houses have been termed as sober houses. Sober houses differ from the traditional Halfway houses in that its residents do not possess criminal records. Sober house staff supports those suffering from substance abuse and enable them to meet others who are in similar condition. However, quite a number of people do not want Halfway houses to be constructed near them. The nature of halfway houses means that those who are recovering will be allowed to mingle with the society (Hoeger, 2008). The residents of the society do not want those reintegrating. As a result of this pull and push, controversy always occurs when halfway house is moved to a new neighborhood despite the good goals it has regarding humanity. Residents of halfway houses in some areas, according to workers, often face discrimination.
In Montrose Manor, eating disorders is dealt with. Eating disorders are claimed to have been caused by environmental factors, genetics, and traumatic events. Psychological factors that cause eating disorders are anxiety, depression and dependence on chemicals. Actions of binge eating, food restriction, excess exercising and purging are efforts to control these stress and conflicts. Disorders in eating are characterized by emotional and behavioral responses to food, body shape and weight. Eating disorders are classified in three ways.
This type of habit is characterized by binge eating and later on followed by purging. Bulimia involves taking large amounts of food. More than what an individual can take in one meal within a short time. Then purging calories and food through vomiting, over-exercise or laxative abuse follows. Symptoms include, repeated purging and bingeing, eating beyond one’s comfortable fullness, dieting frequently and too much concern with shape and body weight. Specialists in Halfway houses teach the patients on how to overcome Bulimia nervosa. Specialists at halfway houses recommend that one should recognize that he has Bulimic eating disorders. Understanding that one has the disorder is the first step towards controlling the problem.
This type of disorder is characterized by excessive loss in weight and self starvation. The symptoms of this disorder include; inability to maintain body weight above or at minimal heights for weight, activity level, age and body type. They also include fear of gaining weight, loss of monthly periods and too much concern with body shape and weight.
This is characterized by uncontrolled eating. Purging does not exist here but repetitive diets or sporadic fasts. Often, there is a feeling of self hatred especially after a binge. People over eating end up struggling in loneliness, depression and anxiety which cause unhealthy binge eating. Halfway houses teach on how to overcome these problems of eating disorders.
The volunteers of America in Camden halfway house began a program known as Rehabilitation and Reasoning. This program challenges the offenders’ rationalizations and egocentricity. Many offenders were found not to have had good parenting in their childhood lives. This made them learn all wrong lessons of life. Specialists in Halfway houses try hard to give them the skills they never learnt when they were young.
How the program works
In the first numerous weeks, staffers in the Halfway house lead the residents through the steps for solving and recognizing problems. During one program segment, a staffer by the name Daniel describes a scene whereby a man caught a neighbor’s son burglarizing his house. The burglar defends himself by claiming that he is stealing to buy medicine for his father who is suffering from cancer. The staffer further asked the residents whether the burglar should be handed to the police. One man from the resident group declared that if it was his house, he would punish the burglar himself. This program teaches the residents about anger management. Anger triggers loss of dignity and control (Werner, 2005). The residents participating in the discussion were able to come up with the thoughts that cause anger. Freda, a manager of the Halfway house claims that she has seen some small behavioral changes in the men participating in these programs. These men use cog skills to sort themselves out whenever they are in a dispute with their supervisors at work or case managers. Anger management program in the half house is of great significance. The fast-food business moved with a fast pace and the receipts always emerged with errors. This made it so difficult for the men who were involved in the business to keep up with the job. This is due their inability to manage anger. This supportive living in Halfway house has become a vital element that enables individuals reintegrate with the society. Men and women faced with alcoholism and drug addiction are usually talented and intelligent individuals. They are able to get good employment, rear families and produce life’s that are great to themselves far from alcohol and drugs (Cromwell, 2007). However, when an alcoholic or an addict instantly goes back to common people, things and places they are used to become unavoidable in most cases.
Need for the program
The need for the program was determined through the desire to manage anger. The need was also determined through a desire to rehabilitate the addicts and the alcoholic and reintegrate them back to the society. This program as well was developed so as to correct the undesirable behavior in the society. If one had gone to prison for several years, there is a need for him to get psychological guidance from the experts. This helps him get back to his normal life. Individuals that were once traumatized by harsh life experiences will regain their moral status and thinking.
Other Models and theories presented
Halfway houses not only offer rehabilitation services to the drug addicts and alcoholics. They also provide shelter to those who are homeless. They provide a safe environment that promotes life. Halfway houses form emergency shelters to those who are homeless and cannot afford tore4nt houses on their own.
Halfway houses play a very important role in life. They should be increased so as to aid in curbing collapse of the social order. Correcting those that were once drug addicts and alcoholics gives them a chance to live and enjoy life. Halfway houses also ensure that morality is maintained.