Population density involves the number of people living per square kilometer. This number is therefore crucial as it determines a number of things within that square kilometer. The world population is said to increase at a rate of 80 million every year. With a population of over 6 billion people a lot of pressure is being felt on the already existing resources for example water, land and food. This steady increase is also causing a number of problems for individuals especially in cities where the majority of this population is concentrated; it is known that the population in cities is much higher compared to that of rural areas because of a number of factors for example the presence of jobs and other public services that many lack in the rural areas like an efficient public transport. It is therefore within these cities that the effects of this increase are felt. An explode of population can lead to increased cases of diseases and pest. This is because of increased contact between individuals with all of us coming from different backgrounds. This directly translates to increased spread of different pathogens from one person to another as they come into contact within lets ay the public transport system. This is especially so among the vulnerable groups like the children and the elderly. Secondly increased population density leads to increased incidences of stress. This is because with an increase in population with the limited resources or facilities that exist, it means that one has to queue longer in banks, cafeterias and other public amenities so as to get services. This directly leads to stress among individuals. Also there is increased noise brought about by increased activity within the city. The noise can lead to decreased work input and other health related issues. But a population increase has some benefits too. An increase in population leads to an increased pool of ideas and creativity that in turn generate new technologies to be developed and used to solve life’s problems. Although an increase in population is often associated with an increased in social problems, an increased in population can also lead to a lot of benefits for the society and in the long run lead to cultural integration within our societies. In this essay we will look at the effect of population density and noise and how they affect the individual in the society (Hawke 2006).
Sound is considered one of the most important elements in our lives as it helps us communicate as we go about our daily activities. It is so important that the inability to communicate through sound is considered impairment in our societies and consequently one has to learn other methods of communicating with others in the society. Sound is so crucial that those who can’t communicate using sound find themselves at a disadvantage as there a number of opportunities in which they can engage without the use of a translator. Noise one the other has been described as an annoyance. Noise is therefore an annoying or irritating sound. According to the international Program on Chemical Safety noise is considered among other harmful substances that harm the health either, physical or psychological, of human beings. An adverse effect of noise is defined as a change in the morphology and physiology of an individual and results in the impairment of functional capability. It further increases the susceptibility of an individual to the harmful effects of other environmental influences (Hawke 2006).
All over the world noise is considered as an effect of increased population density; it is a product of increased numbers of people because increased population comes with different human personalities from different culture. Therefore when one finds a certain sound annoying the other can feel comfortable around it thus creating a difference in opinions. Among the health effects of noise pollution include loss of hearing due to prolonged exposure to noise, cardiovascular problems, and mental problems amongst others. In the work place noise is a sure sing of inefficiency as it has been described as an annoyance and therefore no one working in a noisy environment can reach their full potential. This is because noise disrupts communication which is a key function in the work place. Noise inhibits the ability of people communicating mainly because it impedes speech. In a noisy room one can barely understand what a colleague is saying or one can barely communicate and understand a client. Secondly Noisy hinders the performance of the workers. This is because as mentioned above, noise has adverse health effects on an individual (Hawke 2006).
Among the strategies of reducing noise pollution at work include, creating policies that ban noise pollution and secondly adapting protective gear in order to protect the workers from the noise. It is within the power of all companies to create and adopt policies that should protect their individuals from harmful environmental effects. Such policies should include a penalty that should be meted incase one is found guilty of violating its contents therefore disrespecting the work environment. An anti noise policy is therefore as promising as it gets and the company should ensure that all the workers and visitors observe it to the letter because noise in the work environment can lead to even greater effects. Secondly, if the work environment is noisy such as in a factory, the company should adopt protective gear and every worker should be empowered with such gear. The company can also adopt sound proof environments within the vicinity of the company; this involves the use of sound proof material to create sound proof rooms where other workers can either rest or work as need be. Such policies are therefore easily manageable and affordable to any company (Hawke 2006).
Population density also comes with other effects such as the violation of privacy and space between individuals. Humans like other animals are territorial but unlike the wild animals, the territorial sense in human beings is influenced by a variety of issues depending on where we come from. Territoriality among humans can be defined as privacy or personal space that one considers his or her own. If this space is violated in any sense then that individual feels offended, he losses something he considers important and personal. Among the disciplined forces the issue of personal space is so enhanced that some of them can’t share a bed with their spouses. In less extreme cases such individuals become offended easily once that space is violated. This brings out the concept of territoriality, privacy and personal space (Pacione 2005, Bell et al 2005).
An increase in population means more people are living within a limited space. Further meaning the human territoriality tendencies are being violated more often. Less space means less privacy and limited personal space per individual. Man being adaptive he can either learn to cope or this can lead to adverse effects because territoriality affects human behavior. This is because humans value and attach meaning to their personal spaces therefore such violations can bring out certain reactions. The locations can vary; some people consider the inside of their cars as a personal space, while others consider this their homes but it’s an area that they feel protective of. This space is therefore relative depending on a number of issues among them population density (Pacione 2005).
An increase in population density therefore brings out the violation to this concept of territoriality privacy and personal space. As more and more people come to cities to make a living, they need even more space and therefore the lack of such space can lead to several issues that actually characterize the city life. These issues include stress levels. It is a known fact that the stress levels especially in the cities are very high. This is attributed to the fact that people in the cities rarely take time to themselves or poor feeding habits. But also on a considerable note is the fact that people have less and less personal space to themselves; a space where they can be themselves because we are all squeezed into limited space. Another consequence of limited personal space is increased interaction which can be good due to a number of reasons as discussed earlier. Therefore personal space is very important to human beings and necessary for the well being of humans (Pacione 2005, Bell et al 2005).
In conclusion, population density in inevitable especially in this current age where economies are coming up and people discover the value of education; we abandon our old values and see life in a different way. But what has maintained is the need for human beings to increase. We all want to leave a legacy. But this population growth comes with various problems such as increased pollution especially noise pollution that has very bad effects to humans and the violation of personal space.