India’s population is the second largest in the word after China. It constitutes about 17% of the world population with about 1.21 billion people. The 2011 India’s census indicates that the country’s population rose by 181 million individuals in the last 10 years. Based on this statistics it is projected that by 2030 her population will have a peak of about 1.46 billion. The demographers therefore expect that India will be the only country to ever reach 2 billion in the planet earth. This population growth is so alarming considering that the natural resources sustaining the human kind keeps on depleting with time in ratio with the population. Despite the attempt to reduce the fertility rate in 2000 through the establishment of National Population Policy, from 6 to 2.1 by 2010, the population has remained the second largest with high indication that there will be continued growth in population.
By natural self balancing, the India’s population will drop once the peak is attained. The carrying capacity of a given area can never be dodged in the sense that the natural resources determine the population. Factors like, food, space, water etc will become so limited that high competition will be realized and only the more fit will out- compete the less fit, disease and starvation will therefore naturally reduce the population. Quality living in the 21st century has it that basic requirements like food, shelter, clothing, and education are needed and any shortage of any may lead to natural elimination.
Without food none can survive. In a situation where there is unbalanced diet, opportunistic diseases and malnourishments come thus eliminating the group in question. Lack of shelter and clothing may lead to respiratory diseases like pneumonia of which if not treated on time leads to death after a short time and even more so with limited government services to meet the population’s demand, the sick will automatically die.
Education is becoming one of the eliminating factors in this technology era. The educated seam to live longer and more comfortable than the uneducated. This is because big percentage of people with higher status has good and quality education. Wealth and health go together on grounds that the wealthy can easily access treatment when sick, avoid sickness through good feeding, and even get better understanding of prevention of diseases that cure. High population therefore reduce the quality of education since education is expensive and thus the big population who cannot acquire the basic education or competitive education will be prone too poverty which directly leads to poor health.
The foreseen big factor of population reduction in India is based on forth coming natural calamities like, severe drought, tsunami, hurricanes, floods etc. this is because the natural resources like forests which are continuously cut down or burnt so as to create more space for the increasing population. Forest is the best catchment area for rivers/streams and even a natural coolant that precipitates rain therefore its elimination leads to desertification and lack of water which is a requirement in live both the people and sources of food like plants and animals. The high rate of destruction by tsunami, hurricanes and floods reduces population greatly as is the reason why the prospected population of 2 billion in India may not come to pass.