The Boat lift officially began on April 15th, 1980 and halted on the 31st October 1980. It was brought about by the arrival of over 125,000 Cubans who were travelling to southern Florida from the port of Mariel in Cuba. They were travelling from their homeland due to political pressure and thus were refugees. This prompted President Castro to allow them to cross through Miami. The soldiers were removed from the Peruvian Embassy to allow for the exercise which prompted an influx of the Cuban nationals into the Miami City. This issue did not only brought about a population in the area, but also managed to affect the inhabitants of Miami by the introduction of certain diseases and cultures in the region (Campbell, 340). The trade in itself did not auger well with traders because the refugees had a wide population of poor individuals. After Castro’s declaration of the port of Mariel open, the small crafts voyaged to Mariel. On their way back they carried more refugees than their crafts could carry. This led to the mass loss of lives along the way. The current data explicitly places Miami as the best place to be due to the proper planning organized all through these years since the time of Carter. Recent and advanced studies have shown that the Accord on Cuba - US migration caused unprecedented effects to the people of Miami.
Wars and counter wars often lead to the deterioration of the economy o f those affected. This was the case with the Cuban economy. It deteriorated immediately after their struggle for independence and from the hands of dictatorial leaders. This sharp decline in economy led to the influx of Cuban refugees into the Miami city after they were allowed by their government to do so. Some Cubans decided to gain asylum in the Peruvian embassy (Anderson, 230). It began to have some negative political implications for President Carter after the release of several Cubans from the jails. This was begun by allowing Cubans to visit their relatives within the Island. It clearly supports the thesis statement since this affected the Miami inhabitants much. A forced entry into the Peruvian Embassy caused a nasty accident where a bus crashed while entering the embassy. This killed several people. Vehicles were used as battering rams since the natives were not allowed to access the embassies without proper permission.
The exodus of the Cubans to Miami was a massive that within the period a massive 125, 000 had crossed over. It all began by a bus which drove through the fence of the Peruvian embassy just to gain entry after their access was denied. This led to the wounding of several people in the crossfire. However, the Peruvian embassy granted their plea for asylum after seeing the risky step they had taken. Due to the disagreement between the Peruvian embassy and that of the America, President Castro decided to withdraw his troops from the embassy’s entrance. They wanted the five gentlemen responsible for the bus tragedy to be brought back and face charges against the killing of innocent civilians (Anderson, 230). On April5th 1980, the Cubans jammed the embassy and vowed never to leave the place unless their plight is granted that is the asylum. This was aggravated by the fact that other embassies like Spain and Costa Rica had agreed to accept some percentage of the refugees. When Castro finally announced that the Mariel port had been opened, and one had to go as long as he had someone on the other side to pick him up. Several boat owners took advantage of this on the other side of Miami and started making trips to pick the refugees. The risky part came about when the small boats were also used in the voyage and this led to loss of several lives as they carried more people and luggage than they could handle.
The US dispatched their troops to help in controlling the exodus of the Cubans from the Mariel Port. Both the Navy and the Marine corps were involved. They were to assist rather than directly transport the refugees to the City. They provided humanitarian aid like food, medicines and water among others (Xu, 74). The poor refugees suffered most because they could not find proper transport. Instead they sailed on anything that could float. The 8th Marines also provided security to the at the point of arrival while they await clearance. There was also the problem of the vessels carrying other nationals. For example some Canadians were held at the port for weeks before being released. The US Army held regular patrols at the beach to ensure maximum security in the region. The Cubans were then granted the rights of the refugees and all the packages that accompanied this. There was the claim that the refugees’ population contained even the criminals, mentally ill people and the homosexuals. This concept really heightened the tension between the US government and the Cuban government.
The influx of the Cubans into Miami caused serious problems to the City. To begin with, due to the influx without proper verification of documents some other Nationals with unique motives made their way into the City and caused uproar of events. Some of the Cubans themselves found their way into the Miami, but were considered criminals, robbers, homosexuals. The rate of homosexuality really shot high due the activities of these refugees. The population surge also brought about the strain on social amenities and most people Miami suffered at the hands of these Cubans. The boat lift led to death of several individuals including the Miami residents who operated the rafts (Campbell, 342). There was an increase in the working population as most of the Cubans remained in Miami. This led to the rise in unemployment rate and thus automatically increasing the rate of crime. This detrimentally damaged the economy and made inappropriate economic down turns even in America. Most wages in the world were steady including those of the Caucasians and the African Americans. On the contrary, the wages of the Cubans fell drastically by about six percent. This was basically due to the dilution of the Miami labor market with less experienced Cubans.
These effects never maintained in Miami people alone, they also rode high to other people like the Cubans. They were considered undesirables who never had the credibility to stay in Miami. America believed it had been tricked into this by the refugees’ plight. The Cubans were intimidated and their rights violated. This led to the loss of jobs by the Cubans who opposed the idea. Most were jailed and further lifted to the US to serve their terms in prisons. The Cuban Government then closed the Mariel port (Campbell, 340). The refugees who were headed for the Florida just ended up in Miami. This was due to the ocean currents that gave them a lot of hard time. This voyage led to several deaths in the sea as the Cubans carried anything and anybody to America. President Carter and his governor Bill Clinton were heavily criticized for the events that unfolded after the Mariel. They were basically blamed for handling the situatio0n very poorly and even considering the matter a minor problem. On the Contrary to k common belief, only a few percentages of the Cubans were considered criminals as most of them were professionals like Doctors, Lawyers and other skilled tradesmen. They took Advantage of the opportunity to find work or job opportunities in the US.
The Cuban migration to the Miami did not only cause problems during that time, but also in the current political arena. Obama being the current president of the US coupled with the rapprochement theory of Raul Castro with the Washington DC, The Cubans have the chance to transfer their dysfunctional policies to the US government and the eventual taxpayers (Xu, 76). The Cubans could turn in large numbers to vote for him in his re election bid in the next general elections. There is a likely hood that the US will surely lift the embargo very soon to protect some political interests. The US government looks interested in the remitting of financial resources to the Cubans just as a way to win some political yet democratic favors. Economically, it is vivid and clear that the economy of Cuba was in an intensive care unit just after the Miami incidence. Amazingly, their economy has really rose to its’ feet and this just came about very fast than expected when they set foot in the US.
The Cubans run into the millions of dollars in the US economy and make optimum utilization of the facilities offered in the US at a rate much more serious than the US citizens themselves (Anderson, 235). The US government has really enticed with a lot of goodies. The goodies come in aids like the free basic education to the unemployed and the poor. The bottom line of the facts is that once these people attained US citizen, then they would automatically rally behind this government in a block. The growing population will also out measure the Florida’s low wage labor market. The Cubans are literally strangling the already congested infrastructure and the social services available in the US. Unemployment and under employment have also risen in the current America congested economy.
In a summary, the Cubans were forced to forge a force brightly that could combat the sufferings they experienced in their own mother country. This they had to do in order to be granted an asylum to leave the country as refugees. The US dispatched their Navy, Marine and the Army to provide security to both the people of Mariel and those of Miami. This was because the numbers were too large for the local forces to contain. Several problems were caused in the Miami City due to this immigration (Anderson, 234). They included the influx of criminals, the population surge thus pressure on social amenities, the growth and expansion of homosexuality in the city. It did not only end during that period because America’s politics is still being dictated by the Cubans. It is most likely that the interest of the President in the Cuban affairs is to gunner more votes in the near future. The Cubans themselves suffered a big blow when they were regarded as low class individuals. Their rights were violated and then this led to most of them losing their job and even ending up in the US prisons.