April 25, 2020
The architectural design of Iowa State University Campus has been unnoticed on various occasions. The evaluation of the university structural design culminates as a result of layout concerning architecture, arts, the landscape of the university. All the architectural aspects have been put into consideration and the campus is considered as one top fifty campuses that are well-designed. The following paper seeks to identify some architectural design and details concerning the campus and details which have been previously overlooked. This will include engraved names on the building that have been digitally erased in an effort of retaining the identity of the building.
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The architectural design of the Iowa State University campus has colonial influence. This is evident in its structural design. The broken pediment crown is applied in the structural design of the building mainly as a decorative scheme as illustrated in picture 1a of the building. Figure one and two represents Barton Hall of Iowa University. The decorative illustrations in figure two that is the window trim overs, the long vertical orientation on windows and the decorative brackets on the vertical wall are a demonstration of Italian influence in building (Gainer, 1991).
Figure four represents Beardshear hall. The hall is an illustration of classic revival influence in buildings. This decoration method applied in these buildings is associated with ancient Latin, depicting colonial influence. This central campus of the building consists of Catt Hall, Curtiss hall, memorial union, and Beardshear. Figure 13 is one of the central campus buildings known as Campanile or memorial union. The spires on the top points of the building are a sharp demo stating that the building has a Gothic revival influence (Gainer 1991).
Figure twelve shows the front pillars supporting the Curtiss hall building. The pillars are smooth and they also depict the classic revival influence.
Figure nine represents Catt hall which has a Victorian or Romanesque influence in the building. The roof of the building is conically-shaped and its walls are made of a slat of woods, creating a fish scale effect on the texture of the building (Lehnertz & Scott, 2006). Figure 3 represents the upper structure of the building, whereby the roof has an apex-pointed ornament, known as a finial. The wall is constructed by bricks reflective of a decorated bracketed cornice at the edge of the roof. This style suggests Italian building influence and more specifically – the second empire.
Figure 6 represents the rear side of Beardshear Hall. The roof outline has four planes and serves as a reminder to Iowa barns, the molding beneath the roof acts as balcony supported with balustrade and the open porch consisting of a roof that is supported by columns. All these aspects support that the building has got a colonial influence in building style. Figure 5a is part of Curtiss Hall which shows a lamp that is situated at the end of the stairs of the building. The lamp is erected on a large post and placed on top of it and this is known as Newel lamp and it’s an indication of classical revival influence on buildings.
Figure 11 shows the Morrill Hall. The hall was named after a senator who brought a bill that saw the college being given land grants. The top window of the building has a vertical shape that is named after Palladio who was an Italian architect and hence the window is known as the Palladian window. This represents classic revival influence in structural building. Figure 14 can be seen to have classic revival influence. This is because of the shapes and forms that the building outline applies. The ornamental detail on the face of the building resembles a shield and molding it is a crown curved demonstration that shows the classical revival influence on buildings.
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