Throughout history architectural records has welcomed leading practitioners to give their thoughts on certain architectures. Today project architects are using modern and innovative design, involving glass and steel to create durable buildings. This is achieved by using new forms, new materials and modern techniques. Frank O. Gehry, who is one of the most eminent and influential architects in the world, has come up with individual and unmistakable architectural language characterized by the explicit connection that exist between the buildings and their environment. He was born in 1947 in Canada in a town called Toronto and, received his architect degree at the University of Southern California, and much later attended Harvard's Graduate School of Design. By 1950s, he started architecture as a career. He was more interested in painting and sculptures. Frank also moved to France capital where he worked with French architect Called AnDre Remondet and got so much experience in architecture. This paper tries to elucidate the impact that Gehry has evolved the artistic work in architecture.
Firstly, Gehry was a friend of local abstract expressionists and their work fascinated him. He had an idea that if he could take raw materials and make it an art. The idea could also be transformed to architecture. The Los Angeles artists were in support of his newly found ideas, as he built many of their homes and studios. Gehry felt his closeness with the artists in Los Angeles’ growing more and more than with any of the architects. In the year 1978, he transformed his small home in Santa Monica into his first masterpiece. Architecture was used as a medium and collaged corrugated metal, chain link fence and many other abstract materials in made them to a house. His home seemed as garbage to them neighbors but to the architect critics it was an icon. He was the first architect to apply architect as a medium, and increasingly improved his work. It was found that Gerhy’s architecture was characterized by an inclusive approach.
Moreover, Gehry’s design of building takes much consideration on how the people who live in them move through. His design makes sure that there is enough space and people can live and work and at the same time work comfortably. Los Angeles Children's Museum in 1979, the California Aerospace Museum in 1984 and, the Yale Psychiatric Institute in 1989 are some of example of his architectural work. In the recent year he was involved in the design of the Walt Disney Concert Hall in Los Angeles, Vontz Center for Molecular Study in Cincinnati, the Guggenheim Museum Bilbao in Bilbao Spain, the EMP (Experience Music Project) in Seattle, and at the present he is involved in another branch of the Guggenheim Museum in New York City. Due to his work he has received various awards including the Pritzer Architect Prize in the year 1989 and also the American Institute of Architecture gold medal the year 1999. Following his work he has become respectable, popular and extremely innovative architect and his work continue to amaze even today.
At first Gehry completed his Santa Monica residence, which in many ways transcends style. In 1995 he designed a building for the department of arts at the University of Toledo, Canada. His building was intended to show the learners creativity. In the year 1997, he completed the Guggenheim in Bilbao, Spain. This is a museum of modern and of contemporary design which has become an attraction and a destination. This outstanding work entered Gehry in the annals of architectural and cultural history. It united the critics, academics, and the general public in a common thing. Another his work is Millennium Park Pritzker Pavilion which is one of the major projects Gehry and his office have on the boards, Atlantic yard.
At 78 years and still strong and working, Frank Gehry is an icon of this age. His work remains outstanding and is unlike anything that has ever been seen in history. His passion, joy and innovation in the field of architecture are inspiration for young architects. Though it is not yet understood what effect Gehry’s sculptural forms will have on the future of architecture, it really has been a great impact to the greater field of architecture and its cultural history. In addition, Fish Dance restaurant is another perfect work of Frank Gehry. The restaurant is found in Kobe and it has the shape of a fish sculpture. The shape draws attention to many people and especially the tourist who visit Kobe.
The technique and style used by Frank Gehry is that of an abstract artist. His buildings are both architecture and art. His techniques of architecture are evident in all of his work, some of the building that in greater length portrays his work include, Vontz Center for Molecular Studies and the EMP. He style are extremely original, and architecture is used in his work mainly to displays his art. Characteristics that outstand in his work consist of; the unusual curvilinear shapes, bold colours, unique materials, the collage of these materials, and surrealism. `` Close review of the building he has built would be noted that curvilinear shapes are abundant”. For example, the walls of Vontz Center are curved and tilted, with no real rectangular or circular shape. The rooflines of this building are sloping, and all the shapes used in the Center are strangely curved. In this building there appears to be no real top, bottom or side because the shapes that are used in his construction and the architecture so exceptional.
Consequently, the deconstruction in architecture involves the development of postmodern architecture that started from the year 1980. It is usually characterized by different ideas of fragmentation, manipulating structure’s surface or skin, non-rectilinear shapes distorting elements of architecture and innovative ideas in construction. The completed visual appearance of buildings that has taken deconstruction style into account is characterized by a stimulating appearance. Important event in the deconstruction movement consist 1982 Parc de la Villette architectural design competition, Museum of Modern Art’s 1988 Deconstructivist Architecture exhibition that was held in New York. Architects known in the area of deconstruction were mostly influenced by brilliant ideas of the French philosopher Jacques Derrida. Deconstructionists have also used materials in their architectural work as they have redesigned fabrications similar way as Frank Gehry used the materials. They also simplify and standardize the details involved in connection of materials, separates and simplify the building systems as well as minimizing the components of building and materials use.
In conformity with technology, Gerry took the advantage of the computer to design his unique and unimaginable buildings around the world for example Guggenheim Museum in Bilbao. The Computer Aided Manufacturing technique (CAM) is a perfect example that Frank uses. Frank also uses Computer Numerical Control (CNC) when it come to material scale such as timber fabrications, smaller products used in architecture, the steel for structures, widows as well as the panels used for cladding purposes. This paper discusses the effects of material technique in design as well as explaining how Frank Gehry used different techniques in his architect.