How to Use the CBE Style of Writing – the Basics
The CBE writing style is commonly used in different science disciplines. For example, chemists, biologists, and other science subject experts use it to produce a whole variety of texts. A number of writing styles are available setting out what source information should be included in a paper and, where applicable, in its bibliography. CBE style uses the name/year system. Some of the main features of this style are:
- Any source a writer cites is placed in the text in parenthesis;
- Citations are placed in any sentence that contains a reference and they should precede the last punctuation mark;
- In-text citations should include the surname of the author and the year of publication;
Where a citation contains more than one piece of information, these are separated by a space;
Rules for Citing Authors
It is only necessary to include the publication year in parenthesis where the surname of the author is already contained in a sentence.
Where a particular work has been authored by two people, the citation should display both authors’ names separated by the word “and.”
Where a particular work has three or more authors, the name of the first author should be listed in the citation followed by the term “et al.”
Where two pieces of work have the same publication year and where the authors have the same surname, it is only necessary to use the authors’ initials to distinguish them in a citation. There is no need to use periods or commas in works by same-surname authors and a space is not necessary to separate author initials.
When two works or more by the same author are being cited and where these have the same publication year, these works should be distinguished by using a letter in lowercase, e.g., an “a” to distinguish the first published work and a “b” for the second. The dates of publication in the works cited page should be shown in the exact same way.
Where an agency, government body, or corporation is the author of a piece of work, a shortened version of the agency, body, or organization’s name – formed from the initials – should be used. Where an agency or organization has a well-known shortened or abbreviated version, this can be used in the citation.
A corresponding works-cited page entry should be created using the initials or short version of the authoring organization’s name enclosed in square brackets and preceding the source name or reference.
Where the author of a particular work is unknown, the work should be indicated in the text using the initial words or initials of the title of the work with the author’s usual name place filled by an ellipsis.
Select the amount of words you feel are necessary to distinguish this particular citation from other works you are referring to.
Using Dates Correctly in Citations
When there is not a clear publication date for a particular work, you may use the copyright date. The letter “c” should be used to precede this date to indicate its type. If, as well as no date of publication, there is no copyright date available, you may use the date a work was last updated, revised or modified, but you should put a suitable indicator in square brackets before your citation such as “updated,” “rev,” or “modified, and use a space as a divider. Use of the term “[date unknown]” is allowed where no date is available. It is important to use the same notations when citing references of these types in a works-cited list or page.
In the name/year system of referencing, it is acceptable to include several works in a single citation.
When referring to numerous works written by various authors, references should be listed chronologically in single parentheses with semicolons separating them. Where one author needs to be cited several times, it is only necessary to mention the name of the author once as well as the publication years. This list should be chronological, with commas separating the years.
Writer #987534 is a very cooperative writer who will try his/her best to meet your needs. If you’re looking for a sincere and professional writer who cares for his/her clients, Writer #987534 is one of them!!!
My writer did my paper exactly on time and I got the second-highest grade in my class. Very good service and management!
Very understandable website and friendly staff
I am pleased with the lab report order because it goes even beyond my expectations. Firstly, I thought it was a risk to place my order here and pay the money. However, the result I got makes me happy now.
I can definitely recommend this service because these guys work with the speed of light. I was really surprised by the prices. The rates are quite low here plus they offer discounts so it is possible to buy papers and still save money.
I could not believe it when I received my completed assignment some three days ahead of time. I truly appreciate your efforts and dedication to your customers. I will recommend you to my entire class.
This writer has done such an amazing job.
That was a great job!
Unquestionably, yours is the best essay site I have come across. I got a perfectly completed assignment on time. Just super! Recommended? Yes, you deserve to be recommended.
I am totally impressed by your ability and speed, I think you are just the best.
Your help got me the high grade I hoped for. I feel blessed to have found you. My sincerest thanks! Recommended? I would be glad to.
The paper I received was so well-developed and its points so clearly presented that it is the reason why your service outshines so many others. Moreover, my paper was delivered well before its due deadline, which is another bonus. I will trust you with all my future assignments. Thank you, indeed! I would be absolutely delighted to!
The writer handled such complicated essays with so much ease that I guess she deserves every respect I can accord her.
I got a great paper, delivered well ahead of the deadline! My minor revision was also done almost instantly. I will definitely be looking for your help again soon! Yes, your essay service is very satisfactory.
My paper earned a very high mark from my professor. My teacher commended that the list of references at the last page of my assignment. I was not able to include that in my instructions but the writer included it anyway. Thank you for giving me such a terrific writer. Thank you for taking care of me. Recommended? Yes, without doubt, I would recommend this essay site to my friends and classmates. How does our service compare to the competition? I would not know because I have not tried other writing companies. But since I am completely satisfied, I would not dare transfer services.